Basilicata is a small region, mostly mountainous, situated in Southern Italy and with two short coastlines on the Ionian and the Thyrrenian Sea, and divided into 2 Provinces: province of Matera (MT), Province of Potenza (PZ)
The emergence of new socio-economic realities started to reverse the age-old subordination of the region, pursuing a territorial design based on "development lines": to equip the region with a longitudinal infrastructure, following the valleys of five rivers from the more developed coast into the inner mountains. The challenge was to create a new urban structure in the valleys able to stand the pace of the "post-industrial" era in a partly still feudal economic framework.