The second largest island in the Mediterranean, Sardinia has always had a strategic position and has been historically connected with Spain, especially along the western coasts. It enjoys a wide autonomy within the Italian state.
The region is the first in Italy for sheep and goat raising, and the production of cheeses. Another important resource is the extraction of lead and zinc. See also: Longevity of Sardinians | From "Bizarre Foods" Sardegna, la cucina dei pastori.